Climate, Energy and Food
Goal: To contribute to improved quality of life of women and small holder farmers through climate resilient approaches, post harvest management, empowerment and value chain development
Climate change affects all four dimensions of food security: food availability, food accessibility, food utilization and food systems stability. It has negative impact on human health, livelihood assets, food production and distribution channels, and changes purchasing power and market flows of poor populations. Its impacts are both short term, resulting from more frequent and more intense extreme weather events, and long term, caused by changing temperatures and precipitation patterns, Climate variation also has a direct impact on energy resources.
Women farmers currently account for 45-80 per cent of all food production in developing countries with diverse regional variations. Women form about two-thirds of the agricultural labour force in developing countries, and more than 90 percent in many African countries, including Ghana.
In the context of climate change, traditional food sources become more unpredictable and scarce. Women face loss of income as well as harvests-often their sole sources of food and income. Related increases in food prices make food more inaccessible to poor people, in particular to women and girls whose health has been found to decline more than male health in times of food shortages. In most localities, women are often excluded from decision-making on access to and the use of land and resources critical to their livelihoods. For these reasons, it is important that the rights of rural women are ensured with regards to food security, non-discriminatory access to resources, and equitable participation in decision-making processes.
The Department of Climate, Women, Energy and Food currently runs the Climate Resilient Agriculture and Food Systems and Greater Rural Opportunities for Women projects.